## What is the Basic Earnings Per Share?

Earnings per Share (EPS) is a key metric that helps investors evaluate the financial performance of a company. It is defined as the portion of a company’s profit that is allocated to each outstanding share of common stock. In other words, EPS represents the amount of money a shareholder would receive if the company distributed all its earnings to shareholders. In this article, we will discuss the basic concept of EPS, its formula, and solve an example using a fictional company.

## Earnings Per Share Formula

The formula for calculating EPS is:

**EPS = (Net Income – Dividends on Preferred Stock) / Weighted Average Number of Common Shares Outstanding**

### Weighted Average Number of Common Shares Outstanding

### Example

**Weighted Average Number of Common Shares Outstanding = (80,000 x 365 + 120,000 x 365) / 365**

**Weighted Average Number of Common Shares Outstanding = 100,000**

**100,000.**

The net income is calculated by subtracting the company’s expenses from its total revenue. The dividends on preferred stock represent the dividends that are paid to the owners of preferred stock. Preferred stock is a type of stock that has priority over common stock in the payment of dividends and the liquidation of assets.

## Earnings Per Share Example

Let’s take an example of a fictional company named ABC Ltd. to understand how to calculate EPS. The company has a net income of $1,000,000 and the dividends on preferred stock are $50,000. The weighted average number of common shares outstanding is 100,000 shares. Using this information, we can calculate the EPS as follows:

**EPS = ($1,000,000 – $50,000) / 100,000**

**EPS = $9.50**

The EPS of ABC Ltd. is $9.50, which means that if the company distributed all its earnings to shareholders, each shareholder would receive $9.50.

To make it easier to understand, we can solve the EPS example using a table.

Particulars | Amount ($) |
---|---|

Net Income | $1,000,000 |

Dividends on Preferred Stock | $50,000 |

Weighted Average Number of Common Shares Outstanding | 100,000 |

EPS | $9.50 |

From the above table, we can conclude that the EPS of ABC Ltd. is $9.50. This means that the company has a strong financial performance, and its shareholders will receive a good return on their investment.

## Conclusion

In conclusion, Earnings per Share is a crucial metric that helps investors evaluate the financial performance of a company. It represents the portion of a company’s profit that is allocated to each outstanding share of common stock. The formula for calculating EPS is simple and straightforward, and it involves subtracting the dividends on preferred stock from the net income and dividing the result by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding. By understanding EPS, investors can make informed decisions about investing in a company.