Capital Rationing, Managing, Types, and Impact

Table of Contents

What is Capital Rationing?

Capital rationing is the practice of limiting the amount of capital available for investment to a specific amount. This can be due to a lack of available funds or a desire to limit risk. When capital is rationed, companies must prioritize which projects to invest in and which to defer or cancel altogether.

Types of Capital Rationing

There are two types of capital rationing: hard and soft. Hard capital rationing occurs when external factors limit the amount of available capital, such as a lack of financing or credit. Soft capital rationing occurs when internal factors limit the amount of available capital, such as management’s desire to limit risk or preserve liquidity.

Managing Capital Rationing

Managing capital rationing requires careful planning and analysis. Companies must prioritize their investment opportunities based on their strategic goals and the potential return on investment. Projects with the highest potential return should be given priority, while those with lower potential returns may need to be deferred or cancelled.

To effectively manage capital rationing, companies should consider the following:

  • Conducting a thorough analysis of potential investment opportunities
  • Evaluating each investment opportunity based on its potential return and risk
  • Prioritizing investment opportunities based on their potential return and strategic importance
  • Monitoring the performance of investments and adjusting priorities as needed

Impact of Capital Rationing

Capital rationing can have a significant impact on a company’s financial performance. If a company is unable to invest in high-potential projects due to limited capital, it may miss out on opportunities to grow and increase profitability. On the other hand, if a company invests in too many projects without considering their potential return, it may experience reduced profitability and financial instability.


Capital rationing is an important concept that companies must consider when making investment decisions. By effectively managing capital rationing, companies can prioritize their investment opportunities and maximize their potential return on investment.


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